CHAPTER 17 Fourth Example: Darkness Afflicts the Egyptians, While the Israelites Have Light[P] 17 1For great are your judgments, and hard to describe; therefore the unruly souls went astray. 2For when the lawless thought to enslave the holy nation, they themselves lay shackled with darkness, fettered by the long night, confined beneath their own roofs as exiles from the eternal providence. 3For they, who supposed their secret sins were hid under the dark veil of oblivion, Were scattered in fearful trembling, terrified by apparitions. 4For not even their inner chambers kept them unafraid, for crashing sounds on all sides terrified them, and mute phantoms with somber looks appeared. 5No fire had force enough to give light, nor did the flaming brilliance of the stars succeed in lighting up that gloomy night. 6But only intermittent, fearful fires flashed through upon them; And in their terror they thought beholding these was worse than the times when that sight was no longer to be seen. 7And mockeries of their magic art[Q] failed, and there was a humiliating refutation of their vaunted shrewdness. 8For they who undertook to banish fears and terrors from the sick soul themselves sickened with ridiculous fear. 9For even though no monstrous thing frightened them, they shook at the passing of insects and the hissing of reptiles, 10And perished trembling, reluctant to face even the air that they could nowhere escape. 11For wickedness, of its nature cowardly, testifies in its own condemnation, and because of a distressed conscience, always magnifies misfortunes. 12For fear is nought but the surrender of the helps that come from reason; 13and the more one’s expectation is of itself uncertain, the more one makes of not knowing the cause that brings on torment. 14So they, during that night, powerless though it was, since it had come upon them from the recesses of a powerless[R] Hades, while all sleeping the same sleep, 15Were partly smitten by fearsome apparitions and partly stricken by their souls’ surrender; for fear overwhelmed them, sudden and unexpected. 16Thus, then, whoever was there fell into that prison without bars and was kept confined. 17For whether one was a farmer, or a shepherd, or a worker at tasks in the wasteland, Taken unawares, each served out the inescapable sentence; 18for all were bound by the one bond of darkness. And were it only the whistling wind, or the melodious song of birds in the spreading branches, Or the steady sound of rushing water, 19or the rude crash of overthrown rocks, Or the unseen gallop of bounding animals, or the roaring cry of the fiercest beasts, Or an echo resounding from the hollow of the hills— these sounds, inspiring terror, paralyzed them. 20For the whole world shone with brilliant light and continued its works without interruption; 21But over them alone was spread oppressive night, an image of the darkness[S] that was about to come upon them. Yet they were more a burden to themselves than was the darkness.
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