I. Address CHAPTER 1 1 1[A] James, a slave of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes in the dispersion, greetings. II. The Value of Trials and Temptation Perseverance in Trial. 2Consider it all joy, my brothers, when you encounter various trials,[B] 3for you know that the testing[C] of your faith produces perseverance. 4And let perseverance be perfect, so that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing. 5But if any of you lacks wisdom,[D] he should ask God who gives to all generously and ungrudgingly, and he will be given it. 6But he should ask in faith, not doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea that is driven and tossed about by the wind. 7For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord, 8since he is a man of two minds, unstable in all his ways. 9The brother in lowly circumstances[E] should take pride in his high standing, 10and the rich one in his lowliness, for he will pass away “like the flower of the field.” 11For the sun comes up with its scorching heat and dries up the grass, its flower droops, and the beauty of its appearance vanishes. So will the rich person fade away in the midst of his pursuits. Temptation. 12Blessed is the man who perseveres in temptation,[F] for when he has been proved he will receive the crown of life that he promised to those who love him. 13[G] No one experiencing temptation should say, “I am being tempted by God”; for God is not subject to temptation to evil, and he himself tempts no one. 14Rather, each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire. 15Then desire conceives and brings forth sin, and when sin reaches maturity it gives birth to death. 16[H] Do not be deceived, my beloved brothers: 17all good giving and every perfect gift[I] is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no alteration or shadow caused by change. 18He willed to give us birth by the word of truth that we may be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.[J] III. Exhortations and Warnings Doers of the Word. 19Know this, my dear brothers: everyone should be quick to hear,[K] slow to speak, slow to wrath, 20for the wrath of a man does not accomplish the righteousness of God. 21Therefore, put away all filth and evil excess and humbly welcome the word that has been planted in you and is able to save your souls. 22Be doers of the word and not hearers only, deluding yourselves. 23For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his own face in a mirror. 24He sees himself, then goes off and promptly forgets what he looked like. 25But the one who peers into the perfect law[L] of freedom and perseveres, and is not a hearer who forgets but a doer who acts, such a one shall be blessed in what he does. 26[M] If anyone thinks he is religious and does not bridle his tongue[N] but deceives his heart, his religion is vain. 27Religion that is pure and undefiled before God and the Father is this: to care for orphans and widows[O] in their affliction and to keep oneself unstained by the world.
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