Proverbes 31, Proverbi 31, Proverbios 31, Provérbios 31, Spreuken 31, Sprüche 31, Книга Притчі 31, Книга притчей Соломоновых 31, سفر الأمثال 31, 箴言 31, 잠언 31, Ordspråksboken 31
1THE WORDS of Lemuel king of Massa, which his mother taught him:2What, my [U]It is important to the purpose of this invaluable chapter that one realizes that it is first of all intended for young men. It is the mother’s God-given task to provide youth with this information directly from its inspired source, letting them grow up with it in their consciousness.son? What, son of my womb? What [shall I advise you], son of my vows and dedication to God?3Give not your strength to [loose] women, nor your ways to those who and that which ruin and destroy kings.4It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, or for rulers to desire strong drink, 5Lest they drink and forget the law and what it decrees, and pervert the justice due any of the afflicted.6Give strong drink [as medicine] to him who is ready to pass away, and wine to him in bitter distress of heart.7Let him drink and forget his poverty and [seriously] remember his want and misery no more.8Open your mouth for the dumb [those unable to speak for themselves], for the rights of all who are left desolate and defenseless; 9Open your mouth, judge righteously, and administer justice for the poor and needy. 10A capable, intelligent, and[V]It is most unfortunate that this description of God’s ideal woman is usually confined in readers’ minds merely to its literal sense--her ability as a homemaker, as in the picture of Martha of Bethany in Luke 10:38-42. But it is obvious that far more than that is meant. When the summary of what makes her value “far above rubies” is given (in Prov. 31:30), it is her spiritual life only that is mentioned. One can almost hear the voice of Jesus saying, “Mary has chosen the good portion... which shall not be taken away from her” (Luke 10:42).virtuous woman--who is he who can find her? She is far more precious than jewels and her value is far above rubies or pearls. 11The heart of her husband trusts in her confidently and relies on and believes in her securely, so that he has no lack of [honest] gain or need of [dishonest] spoil.12She comforts, encourages, and does him only good as long as there is life within her.13She seeks out wool and flax and works with willing hands [to develop it].14She is like the merchant ships loaded with foodstuffs; she brings her household’s food from a far [country].15She rises while it is yet night and gets [spiritual] food for her household and assigns her maids their tasks. 16She considers a [new] field before she buys or accepts it [expanding prudently and not courting neglect of her present duties by assuming other duties]; with her savings [of time and strength] she plants fruitful vines in her vineyard. [S. of Sol. 8:12.]17She girds herself with strength [spiritual, mental, and physical fitness for her God-given task] and makes her arms strong and firm.18She tastes and sees that her gain from work [with and for God] is good; her lamp goes not out, but it burns on continually through the night [of trouble, privation, or sorrow, warning away fear, doubt, and distrust].19She lays her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff.20She opens her hand to the poor, yes, she reaches out her filled hands to the needy [whether in body, mind, or spirit].21She fears not the snow for her family, for all her household are doubly clothed in scarlet. 22She makes for herself coverlets, cushions, and rugs of tapestry. Her clothing is of linen, pure and fine, and of purple [such as that of which the clothing of the priests and the hallowed cloths of the temple were made]. 23Her husband is known in the [city’s] gates, when he sits among the elders of the land. 24She makes fine linen garments and leads others to buy them; she delivers to the merchants girdles [or sashes that free one up for service].25Strength and dignity are her clothing and her position is strong and secure; she rejoices over the future [the latter day or time to come, knowing that she and her family are in readiness for it]!26She opens her mouth in skillful and godly Wisdom, and on her tongue is the law of kindness [giving counsel and instruction].27She looks well to how things go in her household, and the bread of idleness (gossip, discontent, and self-pity) she will not eat. 28Her children rise up and call her blessed (happy, fortunate, and to be envied); and her husband boasts of and praises her, [saying],29[W]“Many daughters have done... nobly and well... but you excel them all.” What a glowing description here recorded of this woman in private life, this “capable, intelligent, and virtuous woman” of Prov. 31! It means she had done more than Miriam, the one who led a nation’s women in praise to God (Exod. 15:20, 21); Deborah, the patriotic military advisor (Judg. 4:4-10); Ruth, the woman of constancy (Ruth 1:16); Hannah, the ideal mother (I Sam. 1:20; 2:19); the Shunammite, the hospitable woman (II Kings 4:8-10); Huldah, the woman who revealed God’s secret message to national leaders (II Kings 22:14); and even more than Queen Esther, the woman who risked sacrificing her life for her people (Esth. 4:16). In what way did she “excel them all”? In her spiritual and practical devotion to God, which permeated every area and relationship of her life. All seven of the Christian virtues (II Pet. 1:5) are there, like colored threads in a tapestry. Her secret, which is open to everyone, is the Holy Spirit’s climax to the story, and to this book. In Prov. 31:30, it becomes clear that the “reverent and worshipful fear of the Lord,” which is “the beginning (the chief and choice part) of Wisdom” (Prov. 9:10), is put forth as the true foundation for a life which is valued by God and her husband as “far above rubies or pearls” (Prov. 31:10).Many daughters have done virtuously, nobly, and well [with the strength of character that is steadfast in goodness], but you excel them all. 30Charm and grace are deceptive, and beauty is vain [because it is not lasting], but a woman who reverently and worshipfully fears the Lord, she shall be praised!31Give her of the fruit of her hands, and let her own works praise her in the gates [of the city]!