1Paul, an apostle—not from men or by man, but by Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised Him from the dead— 2and all the brothers who are with me:To the churches of Galatia.[A]1:2 A Roman province in what is now Turkey3Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord[B]1:3 Other mss read God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, 4who gave Himself for our sins to rescue us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father. 5To whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.No Other Gospel6I am amazed that you are so quickly turning away from Him who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel— 7not that there is another gospel, but there are some who are troubling you and want to change the good news[C]1:7 Or gospel about the Messiah. 8But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel other than what we have preached to you, a curse be on him![D]1:8 Or you, let him be condemned, or you, let him be condemned to hell; Gk anathema9As we have said before, I now say again: If anyone preaches to you a gospel contrary to what you received, a curse be on him!10For am I now trying to win the favor of people, or God? Or am I striving to please people? If I were still trying to please people, I would not be a slave of Christ.Paul Defends His Apostleship11Now I want you to know, brothers, that the gospel preached by me is not based on human thought.[E]1:11 Lit not according to man12For I did not receive it from a human source and I was not taught it, but it came by a revelation from Jesus Christ.13For you have heard about my former way of life in Judaism: I persecuted God’s church to an extreme degree and tried to destroy it. 14I advanced in Judaism beyond many contemporaries among my people, because I was extremely zealous for the traditions of my ancestors. 15But when God, who from my birth set me apart and called me by His grace, was pleased 16to reveal His Son in me, so that I could preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with anyone.[F]1:16 Lit flesh and blood17I did not go up to Jerusalem to those who had become apostles before me; instead I went to Arabia and came back to Damascus.18Then after three years I did go up to Jerusalem to get to know Cephas,[G]1:18 Other mss read Peter and I stayed with him 15 days. 19But I didn’t see any of the other apostles except James, the Lord’s brother. 20Now I am not lying in what I write to you. God is my witness.[H]1:20 Lit Behold, before God21Afterward, I went to the regions of Syria and Cilicia. 22I remained personally unknown to the Judean churches in Christ; 23they simply kept hearing: “He who formerly persecuted us now preaches the faith he once tried to destroy.” 24And they glorified God because of me.