32 1THEN JACOB went on his way, and God’s angels met him. 2When Jacob saw them, he said, This is God’s army! So he named that place Mahanaim [two armies]. 3And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother in the land of Seir, the country of Edom. 4And he commanded them, Say this to my lord Esau: Your servant Jacob says this: I have been living temporarily with Laban and have stayed there till now. 5And I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, menservants, and women servants; and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find mercy and kindness in your sight. 6And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to your brother Esau; and now he is [on the way] to meet you, and four hundred men are with him. 7Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two groups, 8Thinking, If Esau comes to the one group and smites it, then the other group which is left will escape. 9Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, the Lord Who said to me, Return to your country and to your people and I will do you good, 10I am not worthy of the least of all the mercy and loving-kindness and all the faithfulness which You have shown to Your servant, for with [only] my staff I passed over this Jordan [long ago], and now I have become two companies. 11Deliver me, I pray You, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, lest he come and smite [us all], the mothers with the children. 12And You said, I will surely do you good and make your descendants as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude. 13And Jacob lodged there that night and took from what he had with him as a present for his brother Esau: 14Two hundred she-goats, 20 he-goats, 200 ewes, 20 rams, 15Thirty milk camels with their colts, 40 cows, 10 bulls, 20 she-donkeys, and 10 [donkey] colts. 16And he put them into the charge of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, Pass over before me and put a space between drove and drove. 17And he commanded the first, When Esau my brother meets you and asks to whom you belong, where you are going, and whose are the animals before you, 18Then you shall say, They are your servant Jacob’s; it is a present sent to my lord Esau; and moreover, he is behind us. 19And so he commanded the second and the third and all that followed the droves, saying, This is what you are to say to Esau when you meet him. 20And say, Moreover, your servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me. 21So the present went on before him, and he himself lodged that night in the camp. 22But he rose up that [same] night and took his two wives, his two women servants, and his eleven sons and passed over the ford [of the] Jabbok. 23And he took them and sent them across the brook; also he sent over all that he had. 24And Jacob was left alone, and a Man wrestled with him until daybreak. 25And when [the [P]Man] saw that He did not prevail against [Jacob], He touched the hollow of his thigh; and Jacob’s thigh was put out of joint as he wrestled with Him. 26Then He said, Let Me go, for day is breaking. But [Jacob] said, I will not let You go unless You declare a blessing upon me. 27[The Man] asked him, What is your name? And [in shock of realization, whispering] he said, Jacob [supplanter, schemer, trickster, swindler]! 28And He said, Your name shall be called no more Jacob [supplanter], but Israel [contender with God]; for you have contended and have power with God and with men and have prevailed. 29Then Jacob asked Him, Tell me, I pray You, what [in contrast] is Your name? But He said, Why is it that you ask My name? And [Q][the Angel of God declared] a blessing on [Jacob] there. 30And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel [the face of God], saying, For I have seen God face to face, and my life is spared and not snatched away. 31And as he passed Penuel [Peniel], the sun rose upon him, and he was limping because of his thigh. 32That is why to this day the Israelites do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the hollow of the thigh, because [the Angel of the Lord] touched the hollow of Jacob’s thigh on the sinew of the hip.
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