8 1AFTER THIS David smote the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg-ammah out of the hands of the Philistines. 2He defeated Moab, and measured them with a line, making them lie down on the ground; two lines he measured to be put to death, and one full line to keep alive. And the Moabites became servants to David, bringing tribute. 3David also defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to restore his power at the river [Euphrates]. 4David took from him 1,700 horsemen and 20,000 foot soldiers; and David hamstrung all the chariot horses, except he reserved enough of them for 100 chariots. 5And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew 22,000 of them. 6David put garrisons in Syrian Damascus, and the Syrians became [his] servants and brought tribute. The Lord preserved and gave victory to David wherever he went. 7And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem. 8And from Betah and Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, King David exacted an immense amount of bronze. 9When Toi king of Hamath heard about David’s defeat of all the forces of Hadadezer, 10[He] sent Joram his son to King David to salute and congratulate him about his battle and defeat of Hadadezer. For Hadadezer had had wars with Toi. Joram brought vessels of silver, gold, and bronze. 11These King David dedicated to the Lord, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated from all the nations he subdued: 12From Syria, Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah. 13David won renown. When he returned he slew 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 14He put garrisons throughout all Edom, and all the Edomites became his servants. And the Lord preserved and gave victory to [him] wherever he went. 15So David reigned over all Israel, and executed justice and righteousness for all his people. 16Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder; 17Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelech son of Abiathar were the [chief] priests, and Seraiah was the scribe; 18Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and Pelethites [the king’s bodyguards]; and David’s sons were chief [confidential] assistants to the king.
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